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We undertook amphibian and reptile surveys in six rainforest remnants of the Anamalai Hills in the Western
Ghats, India. Over a two-month period, 36 species of herpetofauna were recorded from these remnants, including one species of
caecilian, 19 frog species, 8 lizard species and 8 species of snake. Six species were either critically endangered or endangered.
We also recorded one species of frog (Nyctibatrachus acanthodermis) outside of its type locality for the first time since its
original description. The study demonstrated the presence of several threatened species of herpetofauna in these small forest
remnants, the protection and restoration of which are important for the conservation of biodiversity in the Western Ghats.